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The Alberta Energy Research Institute (AERI) in 2009 conducted a study and released two reports on the life cycle analysis of North American and imported crude oils. The Suncor process results in dry tailings ponds, allowing more rapid reclamation to occur. It states. 1470 Peel St. #200 The oilsands are deposits of a heavy, tar-like oil that is mixed with clay, deep beneath the boreal forest in Western Canada. Now it has apparently reversed its restrictions. Strict limits are placed on industry’s water use through the Water Management Framework for the Lower Athabasca River. Air quality in the oil sands region is constantly rated better than major Canadian cities such as Vancouver and Montreal. Today about 8 percent of the land disturbed by surface mining is considered reclaimed. First Nations including the Mikisew Cree, Athabasca Chipewyan and Fort McKay have all been fighting for action on leakage of toxic tailings into the Athabasca River impacting their communities.
There is, and should be, a considerable amount of focus on the oil sands in terms of their economic contribution and their role in providing secure and reliable energy supply. It will take four more centuries at this pace for Canada to stop climate polluting.
Industry and governments are focused on environmental monitoring and performance improvement.
Ontarians have paid a significant cost for these efforts, yet the federal government continues to ask us to pay more than our fair share. Massive capital investment is required to enable the necessary growth in energy supply. The “duty to consult” was introduced by the Supreme Court of Canada in 2004 and 2005, and it is currently the subject of ongoing litigation. The energy sector represents the largest single private investor of capital in Canada and continues to attract the single largest slice of foreign direct investment, and these investments are spread across the country.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oil_sands#/media/File:Syncrude_mildred_lake_plant.jpg, http://rsc-src.ca/sites/default/files/pdf/RSC%20Oil%20Sands%20Panel%20Main%20Report%20Oct%202012.pdf, http://www.pembina.org/oil-sands/os101/water, https://energyeducation.ca/wiki/index.php?title=Water_impacts_of_oil_sands&oldid=7968. It is argued that the most effective route to reach this goal is through energy efficiency in buildings, industry and transport, especially new vehicle technologies; decarbonization of the power sector, where coal-based electricity generation is reduced by half; and nuclear and renewable energy.
To date the pace of land reclamation has been in line with expectations set forth in the projects’ approved reclamation plans. The Alberta Energy Resources and Conservation Board (ERCB) estimated at year-end 2009 that these areas contain established reserves of 170 billion barrels that are economical to develop, given current technology. That is larger than all the pollution generated by the entire economies of British Columbia that year, at 62 Mt, or Quebec's at 78 Mt. In light of the integrated nature of the developments and their scale, most mining production is upgraded in Alberta. The report also concluded that when oil sands production pathways are given credit for electricity cogeneration, the emissions from the oil sands can be comparable to emissions from conventional crudes entering the United States market.
Global energy demand will grow significantly in the period to 2050, driven by population increases as well as the desire of those in the developing world to improve their standards of living. The Wabamun Area Sequestration Project (WASP) is the largest-scale geological study in Canadian history for the permanent underground storage of millions of tonnes of industrial GHGs. Currently the oil sands industry contributes toward 112,000 jobs across Canada and, according to CERI, over the next 25 years it is expected to contribute over 11 million person years of employment to Canada and $1.7 trillion to the Canadian economy (figures 4-6). âIndigenous peoples are often seen as being widely opposed to oil and natural gas developmentâthatâs simply not the case. Cancer, stillbirths, miscarriages and other serious health problems are prevalent in Fort McKay and Fort Chipewyan. It is researching nonaqueous extraction of oil sands, which would avoid water consumption, and new upgrading technology, which would integrate extraction and upgrading. Although growth in global demand is expected to continue to provide impetus for oil sands development, this is a competiveness issue for Canadian producers and reinforces the importance of technology development to lower unit costs. Even though the Indigenous Climate Action is led by former activists from Greenpeace, the Sierra Club, and other organizations, they donât want to shut the oil sands industry down. There are several different types of air pollution that arise as a result of oil sands bitumen extraction. Companies like Suncor have also been allowed to estimate their own reclamation costs on a timeline stretching 70 years past scheduled mine closures, and rely on unproven “water capping” plans to cover the toxic slurry with artificial lakes that somehow won’t mix with the poisonous fluids below. The development and operating costs of the oil sands continue to be toward the high end of the range of costs for oil projects on a global basis. If the Trans Mountain pipeline does go forward, it will take years to complete.
World primary energy demand is projected to increase by 1.5 percent per year between 2007 and 2030 — an overall increase of 40 percent. A quick look north of Fort McMurray using Google mapâs satellite view clearly shows some of the impacts on the landscape.
The energy sector is a major economic driver for Canada, accounting for 6.8 percent of Canada’s GDP in 2008 and directly employing 276,000 persons, or about 1.9 percent of total direct employment in Canada. On a global scale, reducing GHG emissions is the most significant environmental challenge that must be addressed going forward. Thatâs close to the entire country of Nigeriaâs emissions in 2017âa major oil-producing country with a far larger population of 190 million people.
In 2007, oil exports alone generated nearly $70 billion for the Canadian economy. Royal Society of Canada.
However, the disruptive forces at play for the petroleum sector go far beyond the current pandemic.
It is vitally important when considering the social licence to operate that First Nations treaty rights be respected. These communities benefit greatly from the economic activity associated with oil sands development.
 Essentially, this amounts to a required 2.4 barrels of fresh water required to extract and upgrade a single barrel of bitumen. Photo of Syncrude’s Mildred Lake tailings pond via. As well, air monitoring has shown increases in hydrogen sulphide in the Fort McMurray area and near oil sands upgraders (figures 9 and 10). Such contraptions are aimed at deterring migratory birds from landing in tailings ponds, where they are poisoned in large numbers. There will be an increasingly important role for technology, both in enabling economic development of supply and in addressing environmental and social challenges. Significant progress has been made to date, but in many areas — including GHG emissions reduction, water use, tailings ponds, and in-situ-upgrading-technology development — much remains to be done. Its first core report, “The State of Birds and Vascular Plants in Alberta’s Lower Athabasca Planning Region,” released in February 2009, found a 7 percent overall human footprint — 3 percent for agriculture, 2 percent for foresting and 2 percent for energy. Tailings ponds associated with oil sands mining present a significant reclamation challenge. Learn more about land reclamation in the oil sands. âThe Blood Tribe created Kainaiwa Resources because we needed to be more involved in how our land is used,â says Clayton Blood, general manager of Kainaiwa Resources, which is an oil and gas producer. Quebec, meanwhile, experienced an 8.4 Mt decrease, and B.C. The NDP, with their power play, have won responsibility for a slew of daunting challenges.
Fossil fuels, oil, coal and natural gas will remain the dominant energy sources to 2035.
Syncrude has introduced centrifuging tailings to accelerate fines separation, also resulting in less water use and reducing the ponds. BP stated last week that the world might have already passed peak oil demand. ET on April 17, 2019 with information about the Alberta election results from April 16, 2019. The first group of projects has been selected, and CCEMC is currently soliciting proposals to increase energy efficiency. By comparing the provinces, it can be seen for some pollutants that upstream oil industry in Alberta contributes more than other provinces.
In 2009, Canadian oil production was 2.7 million barrels per day (b/d), with 2.5 million from western Canada. The key energy markets of the future will be China and India, plus the Association of Southeast Asian Nations; global energy activity will be refocused toward Asia. Of the remaining 170 billion barrels in established reserves in Alberta, 135 billion barrels, or 80 percent, are considered recoverable by in situ methods, and 35 billion barrels (20 percent) by surface mining. Do you have something to say about the article you just read? Together with tailing ponds, this adds up to an eye-watering figure of $260 billion. Healthcare professionals have been sounding alarms over pollution levels from surrounding oil sands mines and calling for an in-depth health study for many years. Recovery of raw bitumen using in situ methods is set to surpass production using mining methods in the middle of this decade. There are 18 First Nations, with a combined population of 16,000 people, living on reserves; and 6 Métis settlements, with approximately 6,000 residents, living within the oil sands area. More than a decade has passed since that recommendation and Health Canada continues to drag their feet on an independent study of bitumen-related health impacts. Emission of pollutants and GHGs, tailings ponds, biodiversity, water quality and use, land disturbance and the boreal forest — virtually everything about oil sands development has an environmental dimension.  Sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxides are particularly harmful as they contribute to the formation of acid rain. We never get it from the mainstream media..all we hear is "poor Alberta". When a SAGD operation is used, old water is injected back into the ground instead of recycled for later use.. The burning of fuels as part of the production and upgrading of the oil sands results in air emissions that have an impact on local air quality.
That could endanger the local orca population and risk oil spills.
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