Identifying and Using Hundreds of Woods Worldwide, POSTER: Worldwide Woods: Ranked by Hardness. Gil Nelson, Christopher J. Earle, and Richard Spellenberg. Forest Service. The dwarf cultivar A. balsamea 'Hudson’ (Hudson fir), grows to only 1 m (3.3 ft) tall by 1.5 m (4.9 ft) broad, and has distinctive blue-green foliage with pale undersides. Color/Appearance: Heartwood is usually white to reddish brown, with pale sapwood that isn’t clearly distinguished from the heartwood. Like all firs, the … Lookalikes/Substitutes: Hemlock (Tsuga spp.) Balsam Fir at the Paul Smiths VIC: Balsam Fir trees, in contrast to Black Spruce and Tamaracks, do not grow in the middle of bogs or marshes. Prices should be moderate for such utility lumber, though clear, quartersawn, or other such specialty cuts of fir lumber are likely to be more expensive. [12], Both varieties of the species are very popular as Christmas trees, particularly in the northeastern United States. is difficult to differentiate from fir species: both have similar color, grain, and weight.

Balsam fir is a small to medium-size evergreen tree typically 14–20 metres (46–66 ft) tall, occasionally reaching a height of 27 metres (89 ft).

Abies balsamea is one of the most cold-hardy trees known, surviving at temperatures as low as −45 °C (−49 °F) (USDA Hardiness Zone 2). Donate, The Paul Smiths VIC offers a wide variety of programs throughout the year to educate and inform Adirondack Park residents and visitors about the natural wonders of the Adirondack Mountains. Balsam firs tend to grow in cool climates, ideally with a mean annual temperature of 40 °F (4 °C), with consistent moisture at their roots. The cones are purplish in color and stand erect on branches. However, they do like moist areas, so look for them in somewhat swampy areas or near the banks of brooks. The growth habits of the two species are different. The male organs contain microsporangia which divide to form sporogenous tissue, composed of cells which become archesporial cells. It is celebrated for its rich green needles, natural conical shape, and needle retention after being cut, and it is notably the most fragrant of all Christmas tree varieties. Jenkins Mountain You can help support these programs by joining the Friends of the VIC. The balsam fir is also used as an air freshener and as incense. ± .5GPa, ±1GPa??…. [7] The seeds are eaten by American red squirrels, grouse, and pine mice;[8] the tree also provides food for crossbills and chickadees, as well as shelter for moose, snowshoe hares, white-tailed deer, ruffed grouse, and other small mammals and songbirds. The needles are digested directly off the tree by many animals and humans. Yellow-bellied Sapsuckers chisel feeding wells in the bark. Skidder [13][14], The resin is used to produce Canada balsam, and was traditionally used as a cold remedy and as a glue for glasses, optical instrument components, and for preparing permanent mounts of microscope specimens. These then develop a nucellus in which a mother cell is formed. In the United States, the range of the Balsam Fir extends from extreme northern Minnesota west of Lake-of-the-Woods southeast to Iowa; east to central Wisconsin and central Michigan into New York and central Pennsylvania; then northeastward from Connecticut to the other New England States. In New York State, the Balsam Fir is found in most of the northeastern counties, encompassing the Adirondack Park, as well as the Catskills. In northern areas of Minnesota, Michigan, and Wisconsin balsam fir branches (boughs) are used to make Christmas wreaths. Balsam bark is another key identifier, since it features many resin blisters which emit a spicy-scented resin.

These develop into microspores, or pollen-mother cells, once they are rounded and filled with starch grains. and pine (Pinus spp.) The leaves are flat and needle-like, 15 to 30 mm ( ⁄8 to 1 ⁄8 in) long, dark green above often with a small patch of stomatanear the tip, and two white stomatal bands b… Pricing/Availability: Balsam fir is used as construction lumber and is commonly grouped together with other species of spruce and pine and sold under the more generic label spruce-pine-fir, or simply SPF.

The male reproductive organs generally develop more rapidly and appear sooner than the female organs. If you take the left hand fork and walk the trail in a clockwise direction, the tree is just past the first overlook, on the left hand side of the trail. > Softwoods > Pinaceae > Abies > balsamea, Average Dried Weight: 25 lbs/ft3 (400 kg/m3), Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC): .33, .40, Modulus of Rupture: 8,800 lbf/in2 (60.7 MPa), Elastic Modulus: 1,387,000 lbf/in2 (9.57 GPa), Crushing Strength: 5,000 lbf/in2 (34.5 MPa). The Balsam Fir is a common tree species in the breeding habitat of a wide variety of birds, including: Distribution of the Balsam Fir: Also, they both lack resin canals and have little to no discernible scent.

The Balsam Fir (Abies balsamea) is a small to medium-sized tree widespread in moist woodlands and swamps in boreal forests of the Adirondacks.

Hours (There are slight differences between the various species in density, texture, and grain evenness, but none provide a consistent means for positive identification. Balsam fir is a small to medium-size evergreen tree typically 14–20 metres (46–66 ft) tall, occasionally reaching a height of 27 metres (89 ft). Similar to needles on spruce trees, fir tree needles grow singularly from a single point on the branch. However, these two genera both feature resin canals (and pine has a distinct odor), which helps to separate them from fir. Abies balsamea is also grown as an ornamental tree for parks and gardens. Grain/Texture: Grain is straight, with a uniform medium-coarse texture. Events Boreal Life Balsam fir is the provincial tree of New Brunswick. In both cases, the needles appear to occupy a single horizontal plane. The tree's main economic value is as Christmas trees, since balsam holds its aromatic needles indoors much longer than spruce. Pricing/Availability: Balsam fir is used as construction lumber and is commonly grouped together with other species of spruce and pine and sold under the more generic label spruce-pine-fir, or simply SPF. The leaves are flat and needle-like, 15 to 30 mm (5⁄8 to 1 1⁄8 in) long, dark green above often with a small patch of stomata near the tip, and two white stomatal bands below, and a slightly notched tip. Families like the Rousseau's of Quebec, Rose of New Brunswick, and Kessler's (North Pole Xmas Trees) of New Hampshire have kept family traditions for almost a century. Balsam fir is the most cold-hardy and aromatic of all firs.

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