Another road followed a dike from Ronco northwest to Belfiore and on to Caldiero..  In addition, General-major Anton Ferdinand Mittrowsky's brigade occupied the upper Brenta River, connecting the wings under Davidovich and Quosdanovich. By November 1796 Napoleon's field army was only 28,000 strong. The next day, Vaubois pulled back to Calliano. The Battle of Arcole is available for multiplayer. With these, he ambushed the Austrians on the western dike and sent them reeling back toward Arcole. Total War Wiki is a FANDOM Games Community. The village of Arcole, which gave its name to the battle, is on the eastern side of the Alpone. While there, he heard of Davidovich's defeat on 23 November. At about the same time Masséna was finally able to win his way over the bridge at Arcole, and Alvinczy was forced to abandon his position and retreat east to Montebello. Take your favorite fandoms with you and never miss a beat. Napoleon attempted a frontal attack on the Austrians on 12 November (battle of Caldiero), where he suffered a rare defeat. Wurmser attempted a breakout, but his effort came too late in the campaign and had no effect on the result.  On 2 November, Vaubois attacked Davidovich near Cembra, inflicting 1,116 casualties before retiring. The village of Arcole, which gave its name to the battle, is on the eastern side of the Alpone. While General Davidovich advanced down the Adige valley, Alvinczy pushed the French away from the Brenta valley, past Vicenza and into Verona. Historically, the Battle of Arcole played a pivotal role in the French campaign in Italy during the War of the First Coalition. Most of the battlefield is swampy, leaving small passageways between bodies of water which can be used as choke points. Both are useful points of attack for players who have forced their opponents back to their initial positions.
 Meanwhile, Bonaparte determined on an audacious strategy.  The Tyrol Corps counted 40 line and 20 reserve guns. By seizing the bridge the French prevented the escape of the Austrians, and therefore their planned relief of the siege at Mantua. Before long, most of the French soldiers were lying in the lee of the causeway to shelter from the searing fire. , On the western flank, Alvinczi sent the brigades of Oberstleutnant (Lieutenant Colonel) Alois von Gavasini and General-Major Adolf Brabeck to seize the French pontoon bridge. Masséna defeated Provera's attack, but at the end of the day Belfiore was in Austrian hands. Brabeck was killed during the encounter and the Austrians were chased back to Belfiore with the loss of five cannons. , Napoleon at the Bridge of Arcole, by Antoine-Jean Gros, (ca. An additional 600 Austrians, three guns and a bridging train fell into French hands. This was a consequence of the wide separation between the two wings.  Bonaparte elected to attack the Austrians on the Brenta and called Augereau and Macquard east to join Masséna. , Emperor Francis II of Austria appointed Feldzeugmeister József Alvinczi to lead a reconstituted field army in the third attempt to relieve Mantua. The French are the attacking team, while the Austrians are on the defending team. The Austrians have one regiment of artillery guarding the bridge to the east, making crossing the bridge a dangerous proposition for the French forces. November 15th to 17th, 1796 at the Arcole bridge upon Alpone river, near Adige river, twenty-eight kilometers southwest of Verona, Italy. Though the French suffered only 650 killed and wounded, this included 280 soldiers of the 85th Line Infantry Demi Brigade. Involved forces. The battle took place around a triangle of swampy land to the north of the junction of the Alpone and Adige Rivers. , On the far bank was an area of marshy land that troops could not penetrate, which meant that all movement was limited to the causeways or dikes on the banks of the river Adige, and the causeways on the banks of a small tributary called the Alpone River that flowed into it from the north. , After Arcole, Alvinczi pulled back to Olmo where he held a council of war on the morning of 18 November. - Contact Us - Search - Recent - About Us - Subscribe in a reader - Join our Google Group The French have an opportunity to cut off the Austrian route and defeat them before they have a chance to organize. The Aftermath. At this moment, he received an encouraging note from Alvinczi and halted his retreat. The Austrians suffered almost 800 casualties. It has two more river crossings: one to the south-east of the French position, and another to the west of the second Austrian player's position. As Alvinczy advanced towards Verona he was enclosed between the Adige River to his south and the mountains to the north. A French battalion and some cavalry also set out from Legnago and joined Augereau later in the day. The swampy terrain severely limited Napoleon's options. The Austrian leader ordered Provera with six battalions to attack from Belfiore. , In November 1796, the French seized Venice and two 44-gun frigates that were being built in the shipyard. That night his men constructed a pontoon bridge over the Adige, and in the morning drove off a small Croat force on the opposite bank of the river. That evening the Austrian field army began its retreat to the Brenta. Wurmser would break out from Mantua and attack the French field armies in the rear. As the Austrians approached the French pontoon bridge, they were hit in both flanks by the rest of Masséna's force, coming from Belfiore, and by another French force hidden behind the Arcole-Ronco causeway.
Arcole , historically also known as Arcola, is a comune with 5,274 inhabitants in the province of Verona. , Wurmser commanded 23,708 soldiers within Mantua. Brigido pulled every available man into the combat. Napoleon was rescued by his brother Louis and August Marmont, and the attack was called off. Augereau's men on the east bank saw this development and also fell back. Alvinczi left Hohenzollern's troops near Verona to guard against an attack from that city. This loss seems to have seriously damaged the unit's morale. Only the slowness of Davidovich's advance down the Adige saved the French from a total disaster, but by 13 November Napoleon was in real danger, caught between two larger Austrian armies. Martin (2005), "1797 Le frégate la Muiron", People of the American Civil War by state, Articles with French-language external links, Articles with German-language external links, Articles incorporating text from Wikipedia, Battles of the War of the First Coalition, Friedrich Franz Xaver Prince of Hohenzollern-Hechingen, http://users.skynet.be/tintinpassion/VOIRSAVOIR/Marin2/pages_Marin2/023_Marin2.html, "Biographical Dictionary of all Austrian Generals during the French Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars 1792-1815", http://www.napoleon-series.org/research/biographies/Austria/AustrianGenerals/c_AustrianGeneralsR.html#R51, https://military.wikia.org/wiki/Battle_of_the_Bridge_of_Arcole?oldid=2569558. The French forces are blue, the Austrian forces are red. French army (19,000 to 22,000 men) under General Napoleon Bonaparte. After resisting all morning the French troops stampeded in the afternoon. General of Division Charles Edward Jennings de Kilmaine with 8,830 soldiers blockaded Wurmser's large garrison in Mantua.
The latter unit fought its way north along the east bank dike. The ruse was so successful that Bonaparte ordered Vaubois to advance and defeat his opponent so that he could shift 3,000 troops to help fight Alvinczi. , Bonaparte's maneuver from Verona to Ronco, 14–15 November 1796. Their constant attempts to break the siege of Mantua had to be stopped. Here, at Arcole, I will lead the army across the Alpone River and through the Austrian lines.
Now, even after I have beaten them, more is needed. , Mittrowsky positioned Sticker's four battalions on the western dike, lined the eastern dike with four battalions under Brigido, and packed the rest of his troops into Arcole. Despite this lack of French success Alvinczy decided to move his baggage east, just in case he was forced to retreat.  Mittrowsky commanded about 3,000 men. It is known as the site of the Battle of the Bridge of Arcole. The French cannons are in a superb starting position, allowing them an unobstructed angle at almost half the battlefield. This last unit was subdivided into a 9,380-man First line consisting of the brigades of Generals-major Gerhard Rosselmini and Anton Lipthay de Kisfalud and a 8,279-strong Second line composed of brigades led by Generals-major Anton Schübirz von Chobinin and Adolf Brabeck. After holding out all day, French morale collapsed in the late afternoon and Vaubois' men fled the battlefield in a panic.  In the difficult terrain, the French soldiers might have an advantage.  French losses were estimated at 1,000 killed and wounded, plus an additional 800 men and two guns captured. By dawn on 15 November, Bonaparte's troops reached the intended crossing, and soon afterward Chef de brigade (Colonel) Antoine-François Andréossy's engineers had a pontoon bridge in operation. , Siege of Mantua Campaign Map shows towns, major rivers, and mountainous terrain, Quosdanovich's 26,432-strong Friaul Corps was accompanied by Alvinczi as it moved west on Mantua from the Piave River.
Loudon commanded 3,915 infantry and 362 cavalry in Column 1, Ocskay led 4,200 foot soldiers and 463 horsemen in Column 2, Spork directed 2,560 infantry in Column 3, Vukassovich supervised both Column 4 with 3,772 foot and 30 horse and Column 5 with 2,958 foot and 120 horse, and Seulen led 1,022 infantry and 74 cavalry in Column 6.
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